The Memory Palace technique is very simple, but it is likely that children will find it difficult to apply it at first, at least until they master it and begin to use it automatically. A good strategy for them to learn to apply it is to explain the technique step by step.
Visualize the palace model
It should be a space or place that they know very well, such as the house, their closet or the daily way to school. The larger the site, the more information they can save. However, the most important thing is that you can visualize it in your mind without having to see it in reality to remember every detail.
Tour the palace to define a route
In the Palace of Memory technique, it is important to have a route that runs through the entire space, instead of visualizing a fixed place. This will not only allow you to save more information but will also establish a logical order. To make it easier for the children, you can ask them through which door they would enter, which room they would enter first, which room later, and where their journey would end.
Identify the specific places where the information will be stored
Ask the children to think about exactly where they plan to store the information in the palace. Obviously, for this they must be clear about what information they want to store and then identify the same number of places. Of course, each site must be unique to avoid unnecessary confusion. If it is a specific space such as the house, the information can be divided into rooms and then associated with smaller objects such as toys or furniture.
Draw the palace to consolidate its memory
A very useful strategy for children to visualize their palace without forgetting any detail is to draw it. To do this, give them a sheet and ask them to draw the palace and mark the landmarks they have chosen. It is important to represent the points with as much detail as possible, using ridiculous colors, sizes or representations, which will help to remember them in the future. Once ready, ask them to compare the mental image they have with the one they have drawn.
Distribute the information in small parts throughout the palace
At this point, it is time to place the information in each space of the palace. To do this, the children must travel their route and leave the information along the way. It is important not to put too much content in a single point, otherwise they may become overwhelmed when trying to remember it. If you want to keep items separate from each other, they should be left in very different places so as not to confuse them.
Use simple but striking images as symbols
Using images that are simple, but bold or crazy, will simplify the information that children want to keep and will be easier to remember. Ideally, they should be images related to the content to be stored since in this way they can be quickly related when trying to retrieve the information. The use of abstract symbols is not recommended as they are more difficult to identify.
Add elements of an emotional nature
Most people tend to recall the information associated with an emotion in more detail. For this reason, including elements of an affective nature in the Palacio de la Memoria is an excellent resource to better fix the information. To do this, recommend that the children use emotional content to reinforce their memories, such as including their best friend by holding a sign with the phrase to remember or their favorite breakfast cup to represent content.
To gain fluency and skill with technique, it is recommended that children tour their palace for at least 15 minutes each day until they have consolidated the information. Creating new palaces for other topics and with different information also helps to master the technique, as well as complementing the exercise with other mnemonic resources such as songs or rhymes to reinforce its effectiveness.